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Protocol standard for a NetBIOS service on a TCP/UDP transport: Detailed specifications.
NetBIOS Working Group in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Internet Activities Board, End-to-End Services Task Force. March 1987.

 
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Network Working Group Request for Comments: 1002 March, 1987 PROTOCOL STANDARD FOR A NetBIOS SERVICE ON A TCP/UDP TRANSPORT: DETAILED SPECIFICATIONS ABSTRACT This RFC defines a proposed standard protocol to support NetBIOS services in a TCP/IP environment. Both local network and internet operation are supported. Various node types are defined to accommodate local and internet topologies and to allow operation with or without the use of IP broadcast. This RFC gives the detailed specifications of the NetBIOS-over-TCP packets, protocols, and defined constants and variables. A more general overview is found in a companion RFC, "Protocol Standard For a NetBIOS Service on a TCP/UDP Transport: Concepts and Methods". NetBIOS Working Group [Page 1]
RFC 1002 March 1987 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. STATUS OF THIS MEMO 4 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 4 3. INTRODUCTION 5 4. PACKET DESCRIPTIONS 5 4.1 NAME FORMAT 5 4.2 NAME SERVICE PACKETS 7 4.2.1 GENERAL FORMAT OF NAME SERVICE PACKETS 7 4.2.1.1 HEADER 8 4.2.1.2 QUESTION SECTION 10 4.2.1.3 RESOURCE RECORD 11 4.2.2 NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST 13 4.2.3 NAME OVERWRITE REQUEST & DEMAND 14 4.2.4 NAME REFRESH REQUEST 15 4.2.5 POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE 16 4.2.6 NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE 16 4.2.7 END-NODE CHALLENGE REGISTRATION RESPONSE 17 4.2.8 NAME CONFLICT DEMAND 18 4.2.9 NAME RELEASE REQUEST & DEMAND 19 4.2.10 POSITIVE NAME RELEASE RESPONSE 20 4.2.11 NEGATIVE NAME RELEASE RESPONSE 20 4.2.12 NAME QUERY REQUEST 21 4.2.13 POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE 22 4.2.14 NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE 23 4.2.15 REDIRECT NAME QUERY RESPONSE 24 4.2.16 WAIT FOR ACKNOWLEDGEMENT (WACK) RESPONSE 25 4.2.17 NODE STATUS REQUEST 26 4.2.18 NODE STATUS RESPONSE 27 4.3 SESSION SERVICE PACKETS 29 4.3.1 GENERAL FORMAT OF SESSION PACKETS 29 4.3.2 SESSION REQUEST PACKET 30 4.3.3 POSITIVE SESSION RESPONSE PACKET 31 4.3.4 NEGATIVE SESSION RESPONSE PACKET 31 4.3.5 SESSION RETARGET RESPONSE PACKET 31 4.3.6 SESSION MESSAGE PACKET 32 4.3.7 SESSION KEEP ALIVE PACKET 32 4.4 DATAGRAM SERVICE PACKETS 32 4.4.1 NetBIOS DATAGRAM HEADER 32 4.4.2 DIRECT_UNIQUE, DIRECT_GROUP, & BROADCAST DATAGRAM 33 4.4.3 DATAGRAM ERROR PACKET 34 4.4.4 DATAGRAM QUERY REQUEST 34 4.4.5 DATAGRAM POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE QUERY RESPONSE 34 5. PROTOCOL DESCRIPTIONS 35 5.1 NAME SERVICE PROTOCOLS 35 5.1.1 B-NODE ACTIVITY 35 NetBIOS Working Group [Page 2]
RFC 1002 March 1987 5.1.1.1 B-NODE ADD NAME 35 5.1.1.2 B-NODE ADD_GROUP NAME 37 5.1.1.3 B-NODE FIND_NAME 37 5.1.1.4 B NODE NAME RELEASE 38 5.1.1.5 B-NODE INCOMING PACKET PROCESSING 39 5.1.2 P-NODE ACTIVITY 42 5.1.2.1 P-NODE ADD_NAME 42 5.1.2.2 P-NODE ADD GROUP NAME 45 5.1.2.3 P-NODE FIND NAME 45 5.1.2.4 P-NODE DELETE_NAME 46 5.1.2.5 P-NODE INCOMING PACKET PROCESSING 47 5.1.2.6 P-NODE TIMER INITIATED PROCESSING 49 5.1.3 M-NODE ACTIVITY 50 5.1.3.1 M-NODE ADD NAME 50 5.1.3.2 M-NODE ADD GROUP NAME 54 5.1.3.3 M-NODE FIND NAME 55 5.1.3.4 M-NODE DELETE NAME 56 5.1.3.5 M-NODE INCOMING PACKET PROCESSING 58 5.1.3.6 M-NODE TIMER INITIATED PROCESSING 60 5.1.4 NBNS ACTIVITY 60 5.1.4.1 NBNS INCOMING PACKET PROCESSING 61 5.1.4.2 NBNS TIMER INITIATED PROCESSING 66 5.2 SESSION SERVICE PROTOCOLS 67 5.2.1 SESSION ESTABLISHMENT PROTOCOLS 67 5.2.1.1 USER REQUEST PROCESSING 67 5.2.1.2 RECEIVED PACKET PROCESSING 71 5.2.2 SESSION DATA TRANSFER PROTOCOLS 72 5.2.2.1 USER REQUEST PROCESSING 72 5.2.2.2 RECEIVED PACKET PROCESSING 72 5.2.2.3 PROCESSING INITIATED BY TIMER 73 5.2.3 SESSION TERMINATION PROTOCOLS 73 5.2.3.1 USER REQUEST PROCESSING 73 5.2.3.2 RECEPTION INDICATION PROCESSING 73 5.3 NetBIOS DATAGRAM SERVICE PROTOCOLS 74 5.3.1 B NODE TRANSMISSION OF NetBIOS DATAGRAMS 74 5.3.2 P AND M NODE TRANSMISSION OF NetBIOS DATAGRAMS 76 5.3.3 RECEPTION OF NetBIOS DATAGRAMS BY ALL NODES 78 5.3.4 PROTOCOLS FOR THE NBDD 80 6. DEFINED CONSTANTS AND VARIABLES 83 REFERENCES 85 NetBIOS Working Group [Page 3]
RFC 1002 March 1987 PROTOCOL STANDARD FOR A NetBIOS SERVICE ON A TCP/UDP TRANSPORT: DETAILED SPECIFICATIONS 1. STATUS OF THIS MEMO This RFC specifies a proposed standard for the DARPA Internet community. Since this topic is new to the Internet community, discussions and suggestions are specifically requested. Please send written comments to: Karl Auerbach Epilogue Technology Corporation P.O. Box 5432 Redwood City, CA 94063 Please send online comments to: Avnish Aggarwal Internet: mtxinu!excelan!avnish@ucbvax.berkeley.edu Usenet: ucbvax!mtxinu!excelan!avnish Distribution of this memorandum is unlimited. 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This RFC has been developed under the auspices of the Internet Activities Board. The following individuals have contributed to the development of this RFC: Avnish Aggarwal Arvind Agrawal Lorenzo Aguilar Geoffrey Arnold Karl Auerbach K. Ramesh Babu Keith Ball Amatzia Ben-Artzi Vint Cerf Richard Cherry David Crocker Steve Deering Greg Ennis Steve Holmgren Jay Israel David Kaufman Lee LaBarre James Lau Dan Lynch Gaylord Miyata David Stevens Steve Thomas Ishan Wu The system proposed by this RFC does not reflect any existing Netbios-over-TCP implementation. However, the design incorporates considerable knowledge obtained from prior implementations. Special thanks goes to the following organizations which have provided this invaluable information: CMC/Syros Excelan Sytek Ungermann-Bass NetBIOS Working Group [Page 4]
RFC 1002 March 1987 3. INTRODUCTION This RFC contains the detailed packet formats and protocol specifications for NetBIOS-over-TCP. This RFC is a companion to RFC 1001, "Protocol Standard For a NetBIOS Service on a TCP/UDP Transport: Concepts and Methods" [1]. 4. PACKET DESCRIPTIONS Bit and byte ordering are defined by the most recent version of "Assigned Numbers" [2]. 4.1. NAME FORMAT The NetBIOS name representation in all NetBIOS packets (for NAME, SESSION, and DATAGRAM services) is defined in the Domain Name Service RFC 883[3] as "compressed" name messages. This format is called "second-level encoding" in the section entitled "Representation of NetBIOS Names" in the Concepts and Methods document. For ease of description, the first two paragraphs from page 31, the section titled "Domain name representation and compression", of RFC 883 are replicated here: Domain names messages are expressed in terms of a sequence of labels. Each label is represented as a one octet length field followed by that number of octets. Since every domain name ends with the null label of the root, a compressed domain name is terminated by a length byte of zero. The high order two bits of the length field must be zero, and the remaining six bits of the length field limit the label to 63 octets or less. To simplify implementations, the total length of label octets and label length octets that make up a domain name is restricted to 255 octets or less. The following is the uncompressed representation of the NetBIOS name "FRED ", which is the 4 ASCII characters, F, R, E, D, followed by 12 space characters (0x20). This name has the SCOPE_ID: "NETBIOS.COM" EGFCEFEECACACACACACACACACACACACA.NETBIOS.COM This uncompressed representation of names is called "first-level encoding" in the section entitled "Representation of NetBIOS Names" in the Concepts and Methods document. The following is a pictographic representation of the compressed representation of the previous uncompressed Domain Name representation. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 5]
RFC 1002 March 1987 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x20 | E (0x45) | G (0x47) | F (0x46) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | C (0x43) | E (0x45) | F (0x46) | E (0x45) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | E (0x45) | C (0x43) | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | A (0x41) | C (0x43) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | A (0X41) | 0x07 | N (0x4E) | E (0x45) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | T (0x54) | B (0x42) | I (0x49) | O (0x4F) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | S (0x53) | 0x03 | C (0x43) | O (0x4F) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | M (0x4D) | 0x00 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Each section of a domain name is called a label [7 (page 31)]. A label can be a maximum of 63 bytes. The first byte of a label in compressed representation is the number of bytes in the label. For the above example, the first 0x20 is the number of bytes in the left-most label, EGFCEFEECACACACACACACACACACACACA, of the domain name. The bytes following the label length count are the characters of the label. The following labels are in sequence after the first label, which is the encoded NetBIOS name, until a zero (0x00) length count. The zero length count represents the root label, which is always null. A label length count is actually a 6-bit field in the label length field. The most significant 2 bits of the field, bits 7 and 6, are flags allowing an escape from the above compressed representation. If bits 7 and 6 are both set (11), the following 14 bits are an offset pointer into the full message to the actual label string from another domain name that belongs in this name. This label pointer allows for a further compression of a domain name in a packet. NetBIOS implementations can only use label string pointers in Name Service packets. They cannot be used in Session or Datagram Service packets. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 6]
RFC 1002 March 1987 The other two possible values for bits 7 and 6 (01 and 10) of a label length field are reserved for future use by RFC 883[2 (page 32)]. Note that the first octet of a compressed name must contain one of the following bit patterns. (An "x" indicates a bit whose value may be either 0 or 1.): 00100000 - Netbios name, length must be 32 (decimal) 11xxxxxx - Label string pointer 10xxxxxx - Reserved 01xxxxxx - Reserved 4.2. NAME SERVICE PACKETS 4.2.1. GENERAL FORMAT OF NAME SERVICE PACKETS The NetBIOS Name Service packets follow the packet structure defined in the Domain Name Service (DNS) RFC 883 [7 (pg 26-31)]. The structures are compatible with the existing DNS packet formats, however, additional types and codes have been added to work with NetBIOS. If Name Service packets are sent over a TCP connection they are preceded by a 16 bit unsigned integer representing the length of the Name Service packet. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | + ------ ------- + | HEADER | + ------ ------- + | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / QUESTION ENTRIES / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / ANSWER RESOURCE RECORDS / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / AUTHORITY RESOURCE RECORDS / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / ADDITIONAL RESOURCE RECORDS / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 7]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.1.1. HEADER 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID | OPCODE | NM_FLAGS | RCODE | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | QDCOUNT | ANCOUNT | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NSCOUNT | ARCOUNT | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Field Description NAME_TRN_ID Transaction ID for Name Service Transaction. Requestor places a unique value for each active transaction. Responder puts NAME_TRN_ID value from request packet in response packet. OPCODE Packet type code, see table below. NM_FLAGS Flags for operation, see table below. RCODE Result codes of request. Table of RCODE values for each response packet below. QDCOUNT Unsigned 16 bit integer specifying the number of entries in the question section of a Name Service packet. Always zero (0) for responses. Must be non-zero for all NetBIOS Name requests. ANCOUNT Unsigned 16 bit integer specifying the number of resource records in the answer section of a Name Service packet. NSCOUNT Unsigned 16 bit integer specifying the number of resource records in the authority section of a Name Service packet. ARCOUNT Unsigned 16 bit integer specifying the number of resource records in the additional records section of a Name Service packet. The OPCODE field is defined as: 0 1 2 3 4 +---+---+---+---+---+ | R | OPCODE | +---+---+---+---+---+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 8]
RFC 1002 March 1987 Symbol Bit(s) Description OPCODE 1-4 Operation specifier: 0 = query 5 = registration 6 = release 7 = WACK 8 = refresh R 0 RESPONSE flag: if bit == 0 then request packet if bit == 1 then response packet. The NM_FLAGS field is defined as: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ |AA |TC |RD |RA | 0 | 0 | B | +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ Symbol Bit(s) Description B 6 Broadcast Flag. = 1: packet was broadcast or multicast = 0: unicast RA 3 Recursion Available Flag. Only valid in responses from a NetBIOS Name Server -- must be zero in all other responses. If one (1) then the NBNS supports recursive query, registration, and release. If zero (0) then the end-node must iterate for query and challenge for registration. RD 2 Recursion Desired Flag. May only be set on a request to a NetBIOS Name Server. The NBNS will copy its state into the response packet. If one (1) the NBNS will iterate on the query, registration, or release. TC 1 Truncation Flag. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 9]
RFC 1002 March 1987 Set if this message was truncated because the datagram carrying it would be greater than 576 bytes in length. Use TCP to get the information from the NetBIOS Name Server. AA 0 Authoritative Answer flag. Must be zero (0) if R flag of OPCODE is zero (0). If R flag is one (1) then if AA is one (1) then the node responding is an authority for the domain name. End nodes responding to queries always set this bit in responses. 4.2.1.2. QUESTION SECTION 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / QUESTION_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | QUESTION_TYPE | QUESTION_CLASS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Field Description QUESTION_NAME The compressed name representation of the NetBIOS name for the request. QUESTION_TYPE The type of request. The values for this field are specified for each request. QUESTION_CLASS The class of the request. The values for this field are specified for each request. QUESTION_TYPE is defined as: Symbol Value Description: NB 0x0020 NetBIOS general Name Service Resource Record NBSTAT 0x0021 NetBIOS NODE STATUS Resource Record (See NODE STATUS REQUEST) QUESTION_CLASS is defined as: NetBIOS Working Group [Page 10]
RFC 1002 March 1987 Symbol Value Description: IN 0x0001 Internet class 4.2.1.3. RESOURCE RECORD 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | RR_TYPE | RR_CLASS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | RDLENGTH | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | / / / RDATA / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Field Description RR_NAME The compressed name representation of the NetBIOS name corresponding to this resource record. RR_TYPE Resource record type code RR_CLASS Resource record class code TTL The Time To Live of a the resource record's name. RDLENGTH Unsigned 16 bit integer that specifies the number of bytes in the RDATA field. RDATA RR_CLASS and RR_TYPE dependent field. Contains the resource information for the NetBIOS name. RESOURCE RECORD RR_TYPE field definitions: Symbol Value Description: A 0x0001 IP address Resource Record (See REDIRECT NAME QUERY RESPONSE) NS 0x0002 Name Server Resource Record (See REDIRECT NetBIOS Working Group [Page 11]
RFC 1002 March 1987 NAME QUERY RESPONSE) NULL 0x000A NULL Resource Record (See WAIT FOR ACKNOWLEDGEMENT RESPONSE) NB 0x0020 NetBIOS general Name Service Resource Record (See NB_FLAGS and NB_ADDRESS, below) NBSTAT 0x0021 NetBIOS NODE STATUS Resource Record (See NODE STATUS RESPONSE) RESOURCE RECORD RR_CLASS field definitions: Symbol Value Description: IN 0x0001 Internet class NB_FLAGS field of the RESOURCE RECORD RDATA field for RR_TYPE of "NB": 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ | G | ONT | RESERVED | +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ Symbol Bit(s) Description: RESERVED 3-15 Reserved for future use. Must be zero (0). ONT 1,2 Owner Node Type: 00 = B node 01 = P node 10 = M node 11 = Reserved for future use For registration requests this is the claimant's type. For responses this is the actual owner's type. G 0 Group Name Flag. If one (1) then the RR_NAME is a GROUP NetBIOS name. If zero (0) then the RR_NAME is a UNIQUE NetBIOS name. The NB_ADDRESS field of the RESOURCE RECORD RDATA field for RR_TYPE of "NB" is the IP address of the name's owner. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 12]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.2. NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |0| 0x5 |0|0|1|0|0 0|B| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0001 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / QUESTION_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 | NB_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Since the RR_NAME is the same name as the QUESTION_NAME, the RR_NAME representation must use pointers to the QUESTION_NAME name's labels to guarantee the length of the datagram is less than the maximum 576 bytes. See section above on name formats and also page 31 and 32 of RFC 883, Domain Names - Implementation and Specification, for a complete description of compressed name label pointers. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 13]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.3. NAME OVERWRITE REQUEST & DEMAND 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |0| 0x5 |0|0|0|0|0 0|B| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0001 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / QUESTION_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 | NB_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 14]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.4. NAME REFRESH REQUEST 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |0| 0x9 |0|0|0|0|0 0|B| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0001 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / QUESTION_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 | NB_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 15]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.5. POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x5 |1|0|1|1|0 0|0| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 | NB_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 4.2.6. NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x5 |1|0|1|1|0 0|0| RCODE | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 | NB_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 16]
RFC 1002 March 1987 RCODE field values: Symbol Value Description: FMT_ERR 0x1 Format Error. Request was invalidly formatted. SRV_ERR 0x2 Server failure. Problem with NBNS, cannot process name. IMP_ERR 0x4 Unsupported request error. Allowable only for challenging NBNS when gets an Update type registration request. RFS_ERR 0x5 Refused error. For policy reasons server will not register this name from this host. ACT_ERR 0x6 Active error. Name is owned by another node. CFT_ERR 0x7 Name in conflict error. A UNIQUE name is owned by more than one node. 4.2.7. END-NODE CHALLENGE REGISTRATION RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x5 |1|0|1|0|0 0|0| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 | NB_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 17]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.8. NAME CONFLICT DEMAND 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x5 |1|0|1|1|0 0|0| 0x7 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x00000000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 |0|ONT|0| 0x000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x00000000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ This packet is identical to a NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE with RCODE = CFT_ERR. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 18]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.9. NAME RELEASE REQUEST & DEMAND 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |0| 0x6 |0|0|0|0|0 0|B| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0001 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / QUESTION_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x00000000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 | NB_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Since the RR_NAME is the same name as the QUESTION_NAME, the RR_NAME representation must use label string pointers to the QUESTION_NAME labels to guarantee the length of the datagram is less than the maximum 576 bytes. This is the same condition as with the NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 19]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.10. POSITIVE NAME RELEASE RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x6 |1|0|0|0|0 0|0| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 | NB_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 4.2.11. NEGATIVE NAME RELEASE RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x6 |1|0|0|0|0 0|0| RCODE | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0006 | NB_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 20]
RFC 1002 March 1987 RCODE field values: Symbol Value Description: FMT_ERR 0x1 Format Error. Request was invalidly formatted. SRV_ERR 0x2 Server failure. Problem with NBNS, cannot process name. RFS_ERR 0x5 Refused error. For policy reasons server will not release this name from this host. ACT_ERR 0x6 Active error. Name is owned by another node. Only that node may release it. A NetBIOS Name Server can optionally allow a node to release a name it does not own. This would facilitate detection of inactive names for nodes that went down silently. 4.2.12. NAME QUERY REQUEST 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |0| 0x0 |0|0|1|0|0 0|B| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0001 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / QUESTION_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 21]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.13. POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x0 |1|T|1|?|0 0|0| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | RDLENGTH | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | | / ADDR_ENTRY ARRAY / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The ADDR_ENTRY ARRAY a sequence of zero or more ADDR_ENTRY records. Each ADDR_ENTRY record represents an owner of a name. For group names there may be multiple entries. However, the list may be incomplete due to packet size limitations. Bit 22, "T", will be set to indicate truncated data. Each ADDR_ENTRY has the following format: +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_FLAGS | NB_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NB_ADDRESS (continued) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 22]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.14. NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x0 |1|0|1|?|0 0|0| RCODE | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NULL (0x000A) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x00000000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ RCODE field values: Symbol Value Description FMT_ERR 0x1 Format Error. Request was invalidly formatted. SRV_ERR 0x2 Server failure. Problem with NBNS, cannot process name. NAM_ERR 0x3 Name Error. The name requested does not exist. IMP_ERR 0x4 Unsupported request error. Allowable only for challenging NBNS when gets an Update type registration request. RFS_ERR 0x5 Refused error. For policy reasons server will not register this name from this host. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 23]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.15. REDIRECT NAME QUERY RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x0 |0|0|1|0|0 0|0| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0001 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NS (0x0002) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | RDLENGTH | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ + | | / NSD_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | A (0x0001) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0004 | NSD_IP_ADDR | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NSD_IP_ADDR, continued | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ An end node responding to a NAME QUERY REQUEST always responds with the AA and RA bits set for both the NEGATIVE and POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE packets. An end node never sends a REDIRECT NAME QUERY RESPONSE packet. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 24]
RFC 1002 March 1987 When the requestor receives the REDIRECT NAME QUERY RESPONSE it must reiterate the NAME QUERY REQUEST to the NBNS specified by the NSD_IP_ADDR field of the A type RESOURCE RECORD in the ADDITIONAL section of the response packet. This is an optional packet for the NBNS. The NSD_NAME and the RR_NAME in the ADDITIONAL section of the response packet are the same name. Space can be optimized if label string pointers are used in the RR_NAME which point to the labels in the NSD_NAME. The RR_NAME in the AUTHORITY section is the name of the domain the NBNS called by NSD_NAME has authority over. 4.2.16. WAIT FOR ACKNOWLEDGEMENT (WACK) RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x7 |1|0|0|0|0 0|0| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NULL (0x0020) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TTL | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0002 | OPCODE | NM_FLAGS | 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 25]
RFC 1002 March 1987 The NAME_TRN_ID of the WACK RESPONSE packet is the same NAME_TRN_ID of the request that the NBNS is telling the requestor to wait longer to complete. The RR_NAME is the name from the request, if any. If no name is available from the request then it is a null name, single byte of zero. The TTL field of the ResourceRecord is the new time to wait, in seconds, for the request to complete. The RDATA field contains the OPCODE and NM_FLAGS of the request. A TTL value of 0 means that the NBNS can not estimate the time it may take to complete a response. 4.2.17. NODE STATUS REQUEST 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |0| 0x0 |0|0|0|0|0 0|B| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0001 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / QUESTION_NAME / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NBSTAT (0x0021) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 26]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.2.18. NODE STATUS RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_TRN_ID |1| 0x0 |1|0|0|0|0 0|0| 0x0 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0001 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x0000 | 0x0000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / RR_NAME / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NBSTAT (0x0021) | IN (0x0001) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | 0x00000000 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | RDLENGTH | NUM_NAMES | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ + | | + + / NODE_NAME ARRAY / + + | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | + + / STATISTICS / + + | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The NODE_NAME ARRAY is an array of zero or more NUM_NAMES entries of NODE_NAME records. Each NODE_NAME entry represents an active name in the same NetBIOS scope as the requesting name in the local name table of the responder. RR_NAME is the requesting name. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 27]
RFC 1002 March 1987 NODE_NAME Entry: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | +--- ---+ | | +--- NETBIOS FORMAT NAME ---+ | | +--- ---+ | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NAME_FLAGS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The NAME_FLAGS field: 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ | G | ONT |DRG|CNF|ACT|PRM| RESERVED | +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ The NAME_FLAGS field is defined as: Symbol Bit(s) Description: RESERVED 7-15 Reserved for future use. Must be zero (0). PRM 6 Permanent Name Flag. If one (1) then entry is for the permanent node name. Flag is zero (0) for all other names. ACT 5 Active Name Flag. All entries have this flag set to one (1). CNF 4 Conflict Flag. If one (1) then name on this node is in conflict. DRG 3 Deregister Flag. If one (1) then this name is in the process of being deleted. ONT 1,2 Owner Node Type: 00 = B node 01 = P node 10 = M node 11 = Reserved for future use G 0 Group Name Flag. If one (1) then the name is a GROUP NetBIOS name. If zero (0) then it is a UNIQUE NetBIOS name. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 28]
RFC 1002 March 1987 STATISTICS Field of the NODE STATUS RESPONSE: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | UNIT_ID (Unique unit ID) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | UNIT_ID,continued | JUMPERS | TEST_RESULT | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | VERSION_NUMBER | PERIOD_OF_STATISTICS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NUMBER_OF_CRCs | NUMBER_ALIGNMENT_ERRORS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NUMBER_OF_COLLISIONS | NUMBER_SEND_ABORTS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NUMBER_GOOD_SENDS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NUMBER_GOOD_RECEIVES | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NUMBER_RETRANSMITS | NUMBER_NO_RESOURCE_CONDITIONS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | NUMBER_FREE_COMMAND_BLOCKS | TOTAL_NUMBER_COMMAND_BLOCKS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |MAX_TOTAL_NUMBER_COMMAND_BLOCKS| NUMBER_PENDING_SESSIONS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | MAX_NUMBER_PENDING_SESSIONS | MAX_TOTAL_SESSIONS_POSSIBLE | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SESSION_DATA_PACKET_SIZE | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 4.3. SESSION SERVICE PACKETS 4.3.1. GENERAL FORMAT OF SESSION PACKETS All session service messages are sent over a TCP connection. All session packets are of the following general structure: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TYPE | FLAGS | LENGTH | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / TRAILER (Packet Type Dependent) / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The TYPE, FLAGS, and LENGTH fields are present in every session packet. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 29]
RFC 1002 March 1987 The LENGTH field is the number of bytes following the LENGTH field. In other words, LENGTH is the combined size of the TRAILER field(s). For example, the POSITIVE SESSION RESPONSE packet always has a LENGTH field value of zero (0000) while the RETARGET SESSION RESPONSE always has a LENGTH field value of six (0006). One of the bits of the FLAGS field acts as an additional, high- order bit for the LENGTH field. Thus the cumulative size of the trailer field(s) may range from 0 to 128K bytes. Session Packet Types (in hexidecimal): 00 - SESSION MESSAGE 81 - SESSION REQUEST 82 - POSITIVE SESSION RESPONSE 83 - NEGATIVE SESSION RESPONSE 84 - RETARGET SESSION RESPONSE 85 - SESSION KEEP ALIVE Bit definitions of the FLAGS field: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | E | +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ Symbol Bit(s) Description E 7 Length extension, used as an additional, high-order bit on the LENGTH field. RESERVED 0-6 Reserved, must be zero (0) 4.3.2. SESSION REQUEST PACKET 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TYPE | FLAGS | LENGTH | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / CALLED NAME / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / CALLING NAME / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 30]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.3.3. POSITIVE SESSION RESPONSE PACKET 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TYPE | FLAGS | LENGTH | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 4.3.4. NEGATIVE SESSION RESPONSE PACKET 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TYPE | FLAGS | LENGTH | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | ERROR_CODE | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NEGATIVE SESSION RESPONSE packet error code values (in hexidecimal): 80 - Not listening on called name 81 - Not listening for calling name 82 - Called name not present 83 - Called name present, but insufficient resources 8F - Unspecified error 4.3.5. SESSION RETARGET RESPONSE PACKET 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TYPE | FLAGS | LENGTH | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | RETARGET_IP_ADDRESS | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | PORT | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 31]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.3.6. SESSION MESSAGE PACKET 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TYPE | FLAGS | LENGTH | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / / / USER_DATA / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 4.3.7. SESSION KEEP ALIVE PACKET 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TYPE | FLAGS | LENGTH | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 4.4. DATAGRAM SERVICE PACKETS 4.4.1. NetBIOS DATAGRAM HEADER 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | MSG_TYPE | FLAGS | DGM_ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_IP | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_PORT | DGM_LENGTH | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | PACKET_OFFSET | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ MSG_TYPE values (in hexidecimal): 10 - DIRECT_UNIQUE DATAGRAM 11 - DIRECT_GROUP DATAGRAM 12 - BROADCAST DATAGRAM 13 - DATAGRAM ERROR 14 - DATAGRAM QUERY REQUEST 15 - DATAGRAM POSITIVE QUERY RESPONSE 16 - DATAGRAM NEGATIVE QUERY RESPONSE NetBIOS Working Group [Page 32]
RFC 1002 March 1987 Bit definitions of the FLAGS field: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | SNT | F | M | +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+ Symbol Bit(s) Description M 7 MORE flag, If set then more NetBIOS datagram fragments follow. F 6 FIRST packet flag, If set then this is first (and possibly only) fragment of NetBIOS datagram SNT 4,5 Source End-Node type: 00 = B node 01 = P node 10 = M node 11 = NBDD RESERVED 0-3 Reserved, must be zero (0) 4.4.2. DIRECT_UNIQUE, DIRECT_GROUP, & BROADCAST DATAGRAM 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | MSG_TYPE | FLAGS | DGM_ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_IP | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_PORT | DGM_LENGTH | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | PACKET_OFFSET | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | | / SOURCE_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / DESTINATION_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | / USER_DATA / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 33]
RFC 1002 March 1987 4.4.3. DATAGRAM ERROR PACKET 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | MSG_TYPE | FLAGS | DGM_ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_IP | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_PORT | ERROR_CODE | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ERROR_CODE values (in hexidecimal): 82 - DESTINATION NAME NOT PRESENT 83 - INVALID SOURCE NAME FORMAT 84 - INVALID DESTINATION NAME FORMAT 4.4.4. DATAGRAM QUERY REQUEST 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | MSG_TYPE | FLAGS | DGM_ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_IP | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_PORT | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ + | | / DESTINATION_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 4.4.5. DATAGRAM POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE QUERY RESPONSE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | MSG_TYPE | FLAGS | DGM_ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_IP | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SOURCE_PORT | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ + | | / DESTINATION_NAME / / / | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 34]
RFC 1002 March 1987 5. PROTOCOL DESCRIPTIONS 5.1. NAME SERVICE PROTOCOLS A REQUEST packet is always sent to the well known UDP port - NAME_SERVICE_UDP_PORT. The destination address is normally either the IP broadcast address or the address of the NBNS - the address of the NBNS server it set up at initialization time. In rare cases, a request packet will be sent to an end node, e.g. a NAME QUERY REQUEST sent to "challenge" a node. A RESPONSE packet is always sent to the source UDP port and source IP address of the request packet. A DEMAND packet must always be sent to the well known UDP port - NAME_SERVICE_UDP_PORT. There is no restriction on the target IP address. Terms used in this section: tid - Transaction ID. This is a value composed from the requestor's IP address and a unique 16 bit value generated by the originator of the transaction. 5.1.1. B-NODE ACTIVITY 5.1.1.1. B-NODE ADD NAME PROCEDURE add_name(newname) /* * Host initiated processing for a B node */ BEGIN REPEAT /* build name service packet */ ONT = B_NODE; /* broadcast node */ G = UNIQUE; /* unique name */ TTL = 0; broadcast NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST packet; /* * remote node(s) will send response packet * if applicable */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 35]
RFC 1002 March 1987 pause(BCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet is received or retransmit count has been exceeded IF no response packet was received THEN BEGIN /* no response */ /* * build packet */ ONT = B_NODE; /* broadcast node */ G = UNIQUE; /* unique name */ TTL = 0; /* * Let other nodes known you have the name */ broadcast NAME UPDATE REQUEST packet; /* name can be added to local name table */ return success; END /* no response */ ELSE BEGIN /* got response */ /* * Match return transaction id * against tid sent in request */ IF NOT response tid = request tid THEN BEGIN ignore response packet; END ELSE CASE packet type OF NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: return failure; /* name cannot be added */ POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: END-NODE CHALLENGE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* * B nodes should normally not get this * response. */ ignore packet; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 36]
RFC 1002 March 1987 END /* case */; END /* got response */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.1.2. B-NODE ADD_GROUP NAME PROCEDURE add_group_name(newname) /* * Host initiated processing for a B node */ BEGIN /* * same as for a unique name with the * exception that the group bit (G) must * be set in the request packets. */ ... G = GROUP; ... ... /* * broadcast request ... */ END 5.1.1.3. B-NODE FIND_NAME PROCEDURE find_name(name) /* * Host initiated processing for a B node */ BEGIN REPEAT /* * build packet */ ONT = B; TTL = 0; G = DONT CARE; broadcast NAME QUERY REQUEST packet; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 37]
RFC 1002 March 1987 /* * a node might send response packet */ pause(BCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet received OR max transmit threshold exceeded IF no response packet received THEN return failure; ELSE IF NOT response tid = request tid THEN ignore packet; ELSE CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE: /* * Start a timer to detect conflict. * * Be prepared to detect conflict if * any more response packets are received. * */ save response as authoritative response; start_timer(CONFLICT_TIMER); return success; NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE: REDIRECT NAME QUERY RESPONSE: /* * B Node should normally not get either * response. */ ignore response packet; END /* case */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.1.4. B NODE NAME RELEASE PROCEDURE delete_name (name) BEGIN REPEAT /* * build packet */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 38]
RFC 1002 March 1987 ... /* * send request */ broadcast NAME RELEASE REQUEST packet; /* * no response packet expected */ pause(BCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL retransmit count has been exceeded END /* procedure */ 5.1.1.5. B-NODE INCOMING PACKET PROCESSING Following processing is done when broadcast or unicast packets are received at the NAME_SERVICE_UDP_PORT. PROCEDURE process_incoming_packet(packet) /* * Processing initiated by incoming packets for a B node */ BEGIN /* * Note: response packets are always sent * to: * source IP address of request packet * source UDP port of request packet */ CASE packet type OF NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST (UNIQUE): IF name exists in local name table THEN send NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE ; NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST (GROUP): IF name exists in local name table THEN BEGIN IF local entry is a unique name THEN send NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE ; END NAME QUERY REQUEST: IF name exists in local name table THEN BEGIN build response packet; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 39]
RFC 1002 March 1987 send POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE; POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE: IF name conflict timer is not active THEN BEGIN /* * timer has expired already... ignore this * packet */ return; END ELSE /* timer is active */ IF a response for this name has previously been received THEN BEGIN /* existing entry */ /* * we sent out a request packet, and * have already received (at least) * one response * * Check if conflict exists. * If so, send out a conflict packet. * * Note: detecting conflict does NOT * affect any existing sessions. * */ /* * Check for name conflict. * See "Name Conflict" in Concepts and Methods */ check saved authoritative response against information in this response packet; IF conflict detected THEN BEGIN unicast NAME CONFLICT DEMAND packet; IF entry exists in cache THEN BEGIN remove entry from cache; END END END /* existing entry */ ELSE BEGIN /* * Note: If this was the first response * to a name query, it would have been * handled in the * find_name() procedure. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 40]
RFC 1002 March 1987 */ ignore packet; END NAME CONFLICT DEMAND: IF name exists in local name table THEN BEGIN mark name as conflict detected; /* * a name in the state "conflict detected" * does not "logically" exist on that node. * No further session will be accepted on * that name. * No datagrams can be sent against that name. * Such an entry will not be used for * purposes of processing incoming request * packets. * The only valid user NetBIOS operation * against such a name is DELETE NAME. */ END NAME RELEASE REQUEST: IF caching is being done THEN BEGIN remove entry from cache; END NAME UPDATE REQUEST: IF caching is being done THEN BEGIN IF entry exists in cache already, update cache; ELSE IF name is "interesting" THEN BEGIN add entry to cache; END END NODE STATUS REQUEST: IF name exists in local name table THEN BEGIN /* * send only those names that are * in the same scope as the scope * field in the request packet */ send NODE STATUS RESPONSE; END END NetBIOS Working Group [Page 41]
RFC 1002 March 1987 5.1.2. P-NODE ACTIVITY All packets sent or received by P nodes are unicast UDP packets. A P node sends name service requests to the NBNS node that is specified in the P-node configuration. 5.1.2.1. P-NODE ADD_NAME PROCEDURE add_name(newname) /* * Host initiated processing for a P node */ BEGIN REPEAT /* * build packet */ ONT = P; G = UNIQUE; ... /* * send request */ unicast NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST packet; /* * NBNS will send response packet */ IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet is received OR retransmit count has been exceeded IF no response packet was received THEN BEGIN /* no response */ /* * NBNS is down. Cannot claim name. */ return failure; /* name cannot be claimed */ END /* no response */ ELSE NetBIOS Working Group [Page 42]
RFC 1002 March 1987 BEGIN /* response */ IF NOT response tid = request tid THEN BEGIN /* Packet may belong to another transaction */ ignore response packet; END ELSE CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* * name can be added */ adjust refresh timeout value, TTL, for this name; return success; /* name can be added */ NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: return failure; /* name cannot be added */ END-NODE CHALLENGE REGISTRATION REQUEST: BEGIN /* end node challenge */ /* * The response packet has in it the * address of the presumed owner of the * name. Challenge that owner. * If owner either does not * respond or indicates that he no longer * owns the name, claim the name. * Otherwise, the name cannot be claimed. * */ REPEAT /* * build packet */ ... unicast NAME QUERY REQUEST packet to the address contained in the END NODE CHALLENGE RESPONSE packet; /* * remote node may send response packet */ pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); NetBIOS Working Group [Page 43]
RFC 1002 March 1987 UNTIL response packet is received or retransmit count has been exceeded IF no response packet is received OR NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE packet received THEN BEGIN /* update */ /* * name can be claimed */ REPEAT /* * build packet */ ... unicast NAME UPDATE REQUEST to NBNS; /* * NBNS node will send response packet */ IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet is received or retransmit count has been exceeded IF no response packet received THEN BEGIN /* no response */ /* * name could not be claimed */ return failure; END /* no response */ ELSE CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* * add name */ return success; NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* * you lose ... */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 44]
RFC 1002 March 1987 return failure; END /* case */ END /* update */ ELSE /* * received a positive response to the "challenge" * Remote node still has name */ return failure; END /* end node challenge */ END /* response */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.2.2. P-NODE ADD GROUP NAME PROCEDURE add_group_name(newname) /* * Host initiated processing for a P node */ BEGIN /* * same as for a unique name, except that the * request packet must indicate that a * group name claim is being made. */ ... G = GROUP; ... /* * send packet */ ... END 5.1.2.3. P-NODE FIND NAME PROCEDURE find_name(name) /* * Host initiated processing for a P node */ BEGIN NetBIOS Working Group [Page 45]
RFC 1002 March 1987 REPEAT /* * build packet */ ONT = P; G = DONT CARE; unicast NAME QUERY REQUEST packet; /* * a NBNS node might send response packet */ IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet received OR max transmit threshold exceeded IF no response packet received THEN return failure; ELSE IF NOT response tid = request tid THEN ignore packet; ELSE CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE: return success; REDIRECT NAME QUERY RESPONSE: /* * NBNS node wants this end node * to use some other NBNS node * to resolve the query. */ repeat query with NBNS address in the response packet; NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE: return failure; END /* case */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.2.4. P-NODE DELETE_NAME PROCEDURE delete_name (name) NetBIOS Working Group [Page 46]
RFC 1002 March 1987 /* * Host initiated processing for a P node */ BEGIN REPEAT /* * build packet */ ... /* * send request */ unicast NAME RELEASE REQUEST packet; IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL retransmit count has been exceeded or response been received IF response has been received THEN CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME RELEASE RESPONSE: return success; NEGATIVE NAME RELEASE RESPONSE: /* * NBNS does want node to delete this * name !!! */ return failure; END /* case */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.2.5. P-NODE INCOMING PACKET PROCESSING Processing initiated by reception of packets at a P node PROCEDURE process_incoming_packet(packet) /* * Processing initiated by incoming packets at a P node */ BEGIN NetBIOS Working Group [Page 47]
RFC 1002 March 1987 /* * always ignore UDP broadcast packets */ IF packet was sent as a broadcast THEN BEGIN ignore packet; return; END CASE packet type of NAME CONFLICT DEMAND: IF name exists in local name table THEN mark name as in conflict; return; NAME QUERY REQUEST: IF name exists in local name table THEN BEGIN /* name exists */ /* * build packet */ ... /* * send response to the IP address and port * number from which the request was received. */ send POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE ; return; END /* exists */ ELSE BEGIN /* does not exist */ /* * send response to the requestor */ send NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE ; return; END /* does not exist */ NODE STATUS REQUEST: /* * Name of "*" may be used for force node to * divulge status for administrative purposes */ IF name in local name table OR name = "*" THEN BEGIN /* NetBIOS Working Group [Page 48]
RFC 1002 March 1987 * Build response packet and * send to requestor node * Send only those names that are * in the same scope as the scope * in the request packet. */ send NODE STATUS RESPONSE; END NAME RELEASE REQUEST: /* * This will be received if the NBNS wants to flush the * name from the local name table, or from the local * cache. */ IF name exists in the local name table THEN BEGIN delete name from local name table; inform user that name has been deleted; END ELSE IF name has been cached locally THEN BEGIN remove entry from cache: END END /* case */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.2.6. P-NODE TIMER INITIATED PROCESSING Processing initiated by timer expiration. PROCEDURE timer_expired() /* * Processing initiated by the expiration of a timer on a P node */ BEGIN /* * Send a NAME REFRESH REQUEST for each name which the * TTL which has expired. */ REPEAT build NAME REFRESH REQUEST packet; REPEAT send packet to NBNS; IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); NetBIOS Working Group [Page 49]
RFC 1002 March 1987 ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet is received or retransmit count has been exceeded CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* successfully refreshed */ reset TTL timer for this name; NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* * refused, can't keep name * assume in conflict */ mark name as in conflict; END /* case */ UNTIL request sent for all names for which TTL has expired END /* procedure */ 5.1.3. M-NODE ACTIVITY M nodes behavior is similar to that of P nodes with the addition of some B node-like broadcast actions. M node name service proceeds in two steps: 1.Use broadcast UDP based name service. Depending on the operation, goto step 2. 2.Use directed UDP name service. The following code for M nodes is exactly the same as for a P node, with the exception that broadcast operations are done before P type operation is attempted. 5.1.3.1. M-NODE ADD NAME PROCEDURE add_name(newname) /* * Host initiated processing for a M node */ BEGIN /* * check if name exists on the * broadcast area */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 50]
RFC 1002 March 1987 REPEAT /* build packet */ .... broadcast NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST packet; pause(BCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet is received or retransmit count has been exceeded IF valid response received THEN BEGIN /* cannot claim name */ return failure; END /* * No objections received within the * broadcast area. * Send request to name server. */ REPEAT /* * build packet */ ONT = M; ... unicast NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST packet; /* * remote NBNS will send response packet */ IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet is received or retransmit count has been exceeded IF no response packet was received THEN BEGIN /* no response */ /* * NBNS is down. Cannot claim name. */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 51]
RFC 1002 March 1987 return failure; /* name cannot be claimed */ END /* no response */ ELSE BEGIN /* response */ IF NOT response tid = request tid THEN BEGIN ignore response packet; END ELSE CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* * name can be added */ adjust refresh timeout value, TTL; return success; /* name can be added */ NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: return failure; /* name cannot be added */ END-NODE CHALLENGE REGISTRATION REQUEST: BEGIN /* end node challenge */ /* * The response packet has in it the * address of the presumed owner of the * name. Challenge that owner. * If owner either does not * respond or indicates that he no longer * owns the name, claim the name. * Otherwise, the name cannot be claimed. * */ REPEAT /* * build packet */ ... /* * send packet to address contained in the * response packet */ unicast NAME QUERY REQUEST packet; /* * remote node may send response packet NetBIOS Working Group [Page 52]
RFC 1002 March 1987 */ pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet is received or retransmit count has been exceeded IF no response packet is received THEN BEGIN /* no response */ /* * name can be claimed */ REPEAT /* * build packet */ ... unicast NAME UPDATE REQUEST to NBNS; /* * NBNS node will send response packet */ IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet is received or retransmit count has been exceeded IF no response packet received THEN BEGIN /* no response */ /* * name could not be claimed */ return failure; END /* no response */ ELSE CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* * add name */ return success; NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: NetBIOS Working Group [Page 53]
RFC 1002 March 1987 /* * you lose ... */ return failure; END /* case */ END /* no response */ ELSE IF NOT response tid = request tid THEN BEGIN ignore response packet; END /* * received a response to the "challenge" * packet */ CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME QUERY: /* * remote node still has name. */ return failure; NEGATIVE NAME QUERY: /* * remote node no longer has name */ return success; END /* case */ END /* end node challenge */ END /* case */ END /* response */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.3.2. M-NODE ADD GROUP NAME PROCEDURE add_group_name(newname) /* * Host initiated processing for a P node */ BEGIN /* * same as for a unique name, except that the * request packet must indicate that a NetBIOS Working Group [Page 54]
RFC 1002 March 1987 * group name claim is being made. */ ... G = GROUP; ... /* * send packet */ ... END 5.1.3.3. M-NODE FIND NAME PROCEDURE find_name(name) /* * Host initiated processing for a M node */ BEGIN /* * check if any node on the broadcast * area has the name */ REPEAT /* build packet */ ... broadcast NAME QUERY REQUEST packet; pause(BCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet received OR max transmit threshold exceeded IF valid response received THEN BEGIN save response as authoritative response; start_timer(CONFLICT_TIMER); return success; END /* * no valid response on the b'cast segment. * Try the name server. */ REPEAT NetBIOS Working Group [Page 55]
RFC 1002 March 1987 /* * build packet */ ONT = M; G = DONT CARE; unicast NAME QUERY REQUEST packet to NBNS; /* * a NBNS node might send response packet */ IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet received OR max transmit threshold exceeded IF no response packet received THEN return failure; ELSE IF NOT response tid = request tid THEN ignore packet; ELSE CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE: return success; REDIRECT NAME QUERY RESPONSE: /* * NBNS node wants this end node * to use some other NBNS node * to resolve the query. */ repeat query with NBNS address in the response packet; NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE: return failure; END /* case */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.3.4. M-NODE DELETE NAME PROCEDURE delete_name (name) /* NetBIOS Working Group [Page 56]
RFC 1002 March 1987 * Host initiated processing for a P node */ BEGIN /* * First, delete name on NBNS */ REPEAT /* * build packet */ ... /* * send request */ unicast NAME RELEASE REQUEST packet to NBNS; IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL retransmit count has been exceeded or response been received IF response has been received THEN CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME RELEASE RESPONSE: /* * Deletion of name on b'cast segment is deferred * until after NBNS has deleted the name */ REPEAT /* build packet */ ... broadcast NAME RELEASE REQUEST; pause(BCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL rexmt threshold exceeded return success; NEGATIVE NAME RELEASE RESPONSE: /* * NBNS does want node to delete this * name */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 57]
RFC 1002 March 1987 return failure; END /* case */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.3.5. M-NODE INCOMING PACKET PROCESSING Processing initiated by reception of packets at a M node PROCEDURE process_incoming_packet(packet) /* * Processing initiated by incoming packets at a M node */ BEGIN CASE packet type of NAME CONFLICT DEMAND: IF name exists in local name table THEN mark name as in conflict; return; NAME QUERY REQUEST: IF name exists in local name table THEN BEGIN /* name exists */ /* * build packet */ ... /* * send response to the IP address and port * number from which the request was received. */ send POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE ; return; END /* exists */ ELSE BEGIN /* does not exist */ /* * send response to the requestor */ IF request NOT broadcast THEN /* * Don't send negative responses to * queries sent by B nodes */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 58]
RFC 1002 March 1987 send NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE ; return; END /* does not exist */ NODE STATUS REQUEST: BEGIN /* * Name of "*" may be used for force node to * divulge status for administrative purposes */ IF name in local name table OR name = "*" THEN /* * Build response packet and * send to requestor node * Send only those names that are * in the same scope as the scope * in the request packet. */ send NODE STATUS RESPONSE; END NAME RELEASE REQUEST: /* * This will be received if the NBNS wants to flush the * name from the local name table, or from the local * cache. */ IF name exists in the local name table THEN BEGIN delete name from local name table; inform user that name has been deleted; END ELSE IF name has been cached locally THEN BEGIN remove entry from cache: END NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST (UNIQUE): IF name exists in local name table THEN send NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE ; NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST (GROUP): IF name exists in local name table THEN BEGIN IF local entry is a unique name THEN send NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE ; END END /* case */ END /* procedure */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 59]
RFC 1002 March 1987 5.1.3.6. M-NODE TIMER INITIATED PROCESSING Processing initiated by timer expiration: PROCEDURE timer_expired() /* * Processing initiated by the expiration of a timer on a M node */ BEGIN /* * Send a NAME REFRESH REQUEST for each name which the * TTL which has expired. */ REPEAT build NAME REFRESH REQUEST packet; REPEAT send packet to NBNS; IF receive a WACK RESPONSE THEN pause(time from TTL field of response); ELSE pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response packet is received or retransmit count has been exceeded CASE packet type OF POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* successfully refreshed */ reset TTL timer for this name; NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE: /* * refused, can't keep name * assume in conflict */ mark name as in conflict; END /* case */ UNTIL request sent for all names for which TTL has expired END /* procedure */ 5.1.4. NBNS ACTIVITY A NBNS node will receive directed packets from P and M nodes. Reply packets are always sent as directed packets to the source IP address and UDP port number. Received broadcast packets must be ignored. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 60]
RFC 1002 March 1987 5.1.4.1. NBNS INCOMING PACKET PROCESSING PROCEDURE process_incoming_packet(packet) /* * Incoming packet processing on a NS node */ BEGIN IF packet was sent as a broadcast THEN BEGIN discard packet; return; END CASE packet type of NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST (UNIQUE): IF unique name exists in data base THEN BEGIN /* unique name exists */ /* * NBNS node may be a "passive" * server in that it expects the * end node to do the challenge * server. Such a NBNS node is * called a "non-secure" server. * A "secure" server will do the * challenging before it sends * back a response packet. */ IF non-secure THEN BEGIN /* * build response packet */ ... /* * let end node do the challenge */ send END-NODE CHALLENGE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; return; END ELSE /* * secure server - do the name * challenge operation */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 61]
RFC 1002 March 1987 REPEAT send NAME QUERY REQUEST; pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response has been received or retransmit count has been exceeded IF no response was received THEN BEGIN /* node down */ update data base - remove entry; update data base - add new entry; send POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; return; END ELSE BEGIN /* challenged node replied */ /* * challenged node replied with * a response packet */ CASE packet type POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE: /* * name still owned by the * challenged node * * build packet and send response */ ... /* * Note: The NBNS will need to * keep track (based on transaction id) of * the IP address and port number * of the original requestor. */ send NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; return; NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE: update data base - remove entry; update data base - add new entry; /* * build response packet and send NetBIOS Working Group [Page 62]
RFC 1002 March 1987 * response */ send POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; return; END /* case */ END /* challenged node replied */ END /* unique name exists in data base */ ELSE IF group name exists in data base THEN BEGIN /* group names exists */ /* * Members of a group name are NOT * challenged. * Make the assumption that * at least some of the group members * are still alive. * Refresh mechanism will * allow the NBNS to detect when all * members of a group no longer use that * name */ send NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; END /* group name exists */ ELSE BEGIN /* name does not exist */ /* * Name does not exist in data base * * This code applies to both non-secure * and secure server. */ update data base - add new entry; send POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; return; END NAME QUERY REQUEST: IF name exists in data base THEN BEGIN /* * build response packet and send to * requestor */ ... send POSITIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE; return; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 63]
RFC 1002 March 1987 ELSE BEGIN /* * build response packet and send to * requestor */ ... send NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE; return; END NAME REGISTRATION REQUEST (GROUP): IF name exists in data base THEN BEGIN IF local entry is a unique name THEN BEGIN /* local is unique */ IF non-secure THEN BEGIN send END-NODE CHALLENGE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; return; END REPEAT send NAME QUERY REQUEST; pause(UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT); UNTIL response received or retransmit count exceeded IF no response received or NEGATIVE NAME QUERY RESPONSE received THEN BEGIN update data base - remove entry; update data base - add new entry; send POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; return; END ELSE BEGIN /* * name still being held * by challenged node */ send NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; END END /* local is unique */ ELSE BEGIN /* local is group */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 64]
RFC 1002 March 1987 /* * existing entry is a group name */ update data base - remove entry; update data base - add new entry; send POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; return; END /* local is group */ END /* names exists */ ELSE BEGIN /* does not exist */ /* name does not exist in data base */ update data base - add new entry; send POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; return; END /* does not exist */ NAME RELEASE REQUEST: /* * secure server may choose to disallow * a node from deleting a name */ update data base - remove entry; send POSITIVE NAME RELEASE RESPONSE; return; NAME UPDATE REQUEST: /* * End-node completed a successful challenge, * no update database */ IF secure server THEN send NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; ELSE BEGIN /* new entry */ IF entry already exists THEN update data base - remove entry; update data base - add new entry; send POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; start_timer(TTL); END NAME REFRESH REQUEST: check for consistency; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 65]
RFC 1002 March 1987 IF node not allowed to have name THEN BEGIN /* * tell end node that it can't have name */ send NEGATIVE NAME REGISTRATION RESPONSE; END ELSE BEGIN /* * send confirmation response to the * end node. */ send POSITIVE NAME REGISTRATION; start_timer(TTL); END return; END /* case */ END /* procedure */ 5.1.4.2. NBNS TIMER INITIATED PROCESSING A NS node uses timers to flush out entries from the data base. Each entry in the data base is removed when its timer expires. This time value is a multiple of the refresh TTL established when the name was registered. PROCEDURE timer_expired() /* * processing initiated by expiration of TTL for a given name */ BEGIN /* * NBNS can (optionally) ensure * that the node is actually down * by sending a NODE STATUS REQUEST. * If such a request is sent, and * no response is received, it can * be assumed that the node is down. */ remove entry from data base; END NetBIOS Working Group [Page 66]
RFC 1002 March 1987 5.2. SESSION SERVICE PROTOCOLS The following are variables and should be configurable by the NetBIOS user. The default values of these variables is found in "Defined Constants and Variables" in the Detailed Specification.): - SSN_RETRY_COUNT - The maximum number TCP connection attempts allowable per a single NetBIOS call request. - SSN_CLOSE_TIMEOUT is the time period to wait when closing the NetBIOS session before killing the TCP connection if session sends are outstanding. The following are Defined Constants for the NetBIOS Session Service. (See "Defined Constants and Variables" in the Detailed Specification for the value of these constants): - SSN_SRVC_TCP_PORT - is the globally well-known TCP port allocated for the NetBIOS Session Service. The service accepts TCP connections on this port to establish NetBIOS Sessions. The TCP connection established to this port by the caller is initially used for the exchange of NetBIOS control information. The actual NetBIOS data connection may also pass through this port or, through the retargetting facility, through another port. 5.2.1. SESSION ESTABLISHMENT PROTOCOLS 5.2.1.1. USER REQUEST PROCESSING PROCEDURE listen(listening name, caller name) /* * User initiated processing for B, P and M nodes * * This procedure assumes that an incoming session will be * retargetted here by a session server. */ BEGIN Do TCP listen; /* Returns TCP port used */ Register listen with Session Service, give names and TCP port; Wait for TCP connection to open; /* Incoming call */ Read SESSION REQUEST packet from connection Process session request (see section on processing initiated by the reception of session service packets); NetBIOS Working Group [Page 67]
RFC 1002 March 1987 Inform Session Service that NetBIOS listen is complete; IF session established THEN return success and session information to user; ELSE return failure; END /* procedure */ PROCEDURE call(calling name, called name) /* * user initiated processing for B, P and M nodes */ /* * This algorithm assumes that the called name is a unique name. * If the called name is a group name, the call() procedure * needs to cycle through the members of the group * until either (retry_count == SSN_RETRY_COUNT) or * the list has been exhausted. */ BEGIN retry_count = 0; retarget = FALSE; /* TRUE: caller is being retargetted */ name_query = TRUE; /* TRUE: caller must begin again with */ /* name query. */ REPEAT IF name_query THEN BEGIN do name discovery, returns IP address; TCP port = SSN_SRVC_TCP_PORT; IF name discovery fails THEN return failure; ELSE name_query = FALSE; END /* * now have IP address and TCP port of * remote party. */ establish TCP connection with remote party, use an ephemeral port as source TCP port; IF connection refused THEN BEGIN IF retarget THEN BEGIN /* retry */ retarget = FALSE; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 68]
RFC 1002 March 1987 use original IP address and TCP port; goto LOOP; END /* retry for just missed TCP listen */ pause(SESSION_RETRY_TIMER); establish TCP connection, again use ephemeral port as source TCP port; IF connection refused OR connection timed out THEN return failure; END ELSE IF connection timed out THEN BEGIN IF retarget THEN BEGIN /* retry */ retarget = FALSE; use original IP address and TCP port; goto LOOP; END ELSE BEGIN /* * incorrect name discovery was done, * try again */ inform name discovery process of possible error; name_query = TRUE; goto LOOP; END END /* * TCP connection has been established */ wait for session response packet; CASE packet type OF POSITIVE SESSION RESPONSE: return success and session established information; NEGATIVE SESSION RESPONSE: BEGIN NetBIOS Working Group [Page 69]
RFC 1002 March 1987 CASE error OF NOT LISTENING ON CALLED NAME: NOT LISTENING FOR CALLING NAME: BEGIN kill TCP connection; return failure; END CALLED NAME NOT PRESENT: BEGIN /* * called name does not exist on * remote node */ inform name discovery procedure of possible error; IF this is a P or M node THEN BEGIN /* * Inform NetBIOS Name Server * it has returned incorrect * information. */ send NAME RELEASE REQUEST for called name and IP address to NetBIOS Name Server; END /* retry from beginning */ retarget = FALSE; name_query = TRUE; goto LOOP; END /* called name not present */ END /* case */ END /* negative response */ RETARGET SESSION RESPONSE: BEGIN close TCP connection; extract IP address and TCP port from response; retarget = TRUE; END /* retarget response */ END /* case */ LOOP: retry_count = retry_count + 1; UNTIL (retry_count > SSN_RETRY_COUNT); return failure; END /* procedure */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 70]
RFC 1002 March 1987 5.2.1.2. RECEIVED PACKET PROCESSING These are packets received on a TCP connection before a session has been established. The listen routines attached to a NetBIOS user process need not implement the RETARGET response section. The user process version, separate from a shared Session Service, need only accept (POSITIVE SESSION RESPONSE) or reject (NEGATIVE SESSION RESPONSE) a session request. PROCEDURE session_packet(packet) /* * processing initiated by receipt of a session service * packet for a session in the session establishment phase. * Assumes the TCP connection has been accepted. */ BEGIN CASE packet type SESSION REQUEST: BEGIN IF called name does not exist on node THEN BEGIN send NEGATIVE SESSION RESPONSE with CALLED NAME NOT PRESENT error code; close TCP connection; END Search for a listen with CALLING NAME for CALLED NAME; IF matching listen is found THEN BEGIN IF port of listener process is port TCP connection is on THEN BEGIN send POSITIVE SESSION RESPONSE; Hand off connection to client process and/or inform user session is established; END ELSE BEGIN send RETARGET SESSION RESPONSE with listener's IP address and TCP port; close TCP connection; END END ELSE BEGIN /* no matching listen pending */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 71]
RFC 1002 March 1987 send NEGATIVE SESSION RESPONSE with either NOT LISTENING ON CALLED NAME or NOT LISTENING FOR CALLING NAME error code; close TCP connection; END END /* session request */ END /* case */ END /* procedure */ 5.2.2. SESSION DATA TRANSFER PROTOCOLS 5.2.2.1. USER REQUEST PROCESSING PROCEDURE send_message(user_message) BEGIN build SESSION MESSAGE header; send SESSION MESSAGE header; send user_message; reset and restart keep-alive timer; IF send fails THEN BEGIN /* * TCP connection has failed */ */ close NetBIOS session; inform user that session is lost; return failure; END ELSE return success; END 5.2.2.2. RECEIVED PACKET PROCESSING These are packets received after a session has been established. PROCEDURE session_packet(packet) /* * processing initiated by receipt of a session service * packet for a session in the data transfer phase. */ BEGIN CASE packet type OF SESSION MESSAGE: BEGIN process message header; read in user data; reset and restart keep-alive timer; deliver data to user; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 72]
RFC 1002 March 1987 END /* session message */ SESSION KEEP ALIVE: discard packet; END /* case */ END /* procedure */ 5.2.2.3. PROCESSING INITIATED BY TIMER PROCEDURE session_ka_timer() /* * processing initiated when session keep alive timer expires */ BEGIN send SESSION KEEP ALIVE, if configured; IF send fails THEN BEGIN /* remote node, or path to it, is down */ abort TCP connection; close NetBIOS session; inform user that session is lost; return; END END /* procedure */ 5.2.3. SESSION TERMINATION PROTOCOLS 5.2.3.1. USER REQUEST PROCESSING PROCEDURE close_session() /* initiated by a user request to close a session */ BEGIN close gracefully the TCP connection; WAIT for the connection to close or SSN_CLOSE_TIMEOUT to expire; IF time out expired THEN abort TCP connection; END /* procedure */ 5.2.3.2. RECEPTION INDICATION PROCESSING PROCEDURE close_indication() /* * initiated by a TCP indication of a close request from * the remote connection partner. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 73]
RFC 1002 March 1987 */ BEGIN close gracefully TCP connection; close NetBIOS session; inform user session closed by remote partner; END /* procedure */ 5.3. NetBIOS DATAGRAM SERVICE PROTOCOLS The following are GLOBAL variables and should be NetBIOS user configurable: - SCOPE_ID: the non-leaf section of the domain name preceded by a '.' which represents the domain of the NetBIOS scope for the NetBIOS name. The following protocol description only supports single scope operation. - MAX_DATAGRAM_LENGTH: the maximum length of an IP datagram. The minimal maximum length defined in for IP is 576 bytes. This value is used when determining whether to fragment a NetBIOS datagram. Implementations are expected to be capable of receiving unfragmented NetBIOS datagrams up to their maximum size. - BROADCAST_ADDRESS: the IP address B-nodes use to send datagrams with group name destinations and broadcast datagrams. The default is the IP broadcast address for a single IP network. The following are Defined Constants for the NetBIOS Datagram Service: - DGM_SRVC_UDP_PORT: the globally well-known UDP port allocated where the NetBIOS Datagram Service receives UDP packets. See section 6, "Defined Constants", for its value. 5.3.1. B NODE TRANSMISSION OF NetBIOS DATAGRAMS PROCEDURE send_datagram(data, source, destination, broadcast) /* * user initiated processing on B node */ BEGIN group = FALSE; do name discovery on destination name, returns name type and IP address; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 74]
RFC 1002 March 1987 IF name type is group name THEN BEGIN group = TRUE; END /* * build datagram service UDP packet; */ convert source and destination NetBIOS names into half-ASCII, biased encoded name; SOURCE_NAME = cat(source, SCOPE_ID); SOURCE_IP = this nodes IP address; SOURCE_PORT = DGM_SRVC_UDP_PORT; IF NetBIOS broadcast THEN BEGIN DESTINATION_NAME = cat("*", SCOPE_ID) END ELSE BEGIN DESTINATION_NAME = cat(destination, SCOPE_ID) END MSG_TYPE = select_one_from_set {BROADCAST, DIRECT_UNIQUE, DIRECT_GROUP} DGM_ID = next transaction id for Datagrams; DGM_LENGTH = length of data + length of second level encoded source and destination names; IF (length of the NetBIOS Datagram, including UDP and IP headers, > MAX_DATAGRAM_LENGTH) THEN BEGIN /* * fragment NetBIOS datagram into 2 UDP packets */ Put names into 1st UDP packet and any data that fits after names; Set MORE and FIRST bits in 1st UDP packet's FLAGS; OFFSET in 1st UDP = 0; Replicate NetBIOS Datagram header from 1st UDP packet into 2nd UDP packet; Put rest of data in 2nd UDP packet; Clear MORE and FIRST bits in 2nd UDP packet's FLAGS; OFFSET in 2nd UDP = DGM_LENGTH - number of name and data bytes in 1st UDP; END BEGIN /* * Only need one UDP packet */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 75]
RFC 1002 March 1987 USER_DATA = data; Clear MORE bit and set FIRST bit in FLAGS; OFFSET = 0; END IF (group == TRUE) OR (NetBIOS broadcast) THEN BEGIN send UDP packet(s) to BROADCAST_ADDRESS; END ELSE BEGIN send UDP packet(s) to IP address returned by name discovery; END END /* procedure */ 5.3.2. P AND M NODE TRANSMISSION OF NetBIOS DATAGRAMS PROCEDURE send_datagram(data, source, destination, broadcast) /* * User initiated processing on P and M node. * * This processing is the same as for B nodes except for * sending broadcast and multicast NetBIOS datagrams. */ BEGIN group = FALSE; do name discovery on destination name, returns name type and IP address; IF name type is group name THEN BEGIN group = TRUE; END /* * build datagram service UDP packet; */ convert source and destination NetBIOS names into half-ASCII, biased encoded name; SOURCE_NAME = cat(source, SCOPE_ID); SOURCE_IP = this nodes IP address; SOURCE_PORT = DGM_SRVC_UDP_PORT; IF NetBIOS broadcast THEN BEGIN DESTINATION_NAME = cat("*", SCOPE_ID) END ELSE NetBIOS Working Group [Page 76]
RFC 1002 March 1987 BEGIN DESTINATION_NAME = cat(destination, SCOPE_ID) END MSG_TYPE = select_one_from_set {BROADCAST, DIRECT_UNIQUE, DIRECT_GROUP} DGM_ID = next transaction id for Datagrams; DGM_LENGTH = length of data + length of second level encoded source and destination names; IF (length of the NetBIOS Datagram, including UDP and IP headers, > MAX_DATAGRAM_LENGTH) THEN BEGIN /* * fragment NetBIOS datagram into 2 UDP packets */ Put names into 1st UDP packet and any data that fits after names; Set MORE and FIRST bits in 1st UDP packet's FLAGS; OFFSET in 1st UDP = 0; Replicate NetBIOS Datagram header from 1st UDP packet into 2nd UDP packet; Put rest of data in 2nd UDP packet; Clear MORE and FIRST bits in 2nd UDP packet's FLAGS; OFFSET in 2nd UDP = DGM_LENGTH - number of name and data bytes in 1st UDP; END BEGIN /* * Only need one UDP packet */ USER_DATA = data; Clear MORE bit and set FIRST bit in FLAGS; OFFSET = 0; END IF (group == TRUE) OR (NetBIOS broadcast) THEN BEGIN /* * Sending of following query is optional. * Node may send datagram to NBDD immediately * but NBDD may discard the datagram. */ send DATAGRAM QUERY REQUEST to NBDD; IF response is POSITIVE QUERY RESPONSE THEN send UDP packet(s) to NBDD Server IP address; ELSE BEGIN get list of destination nodes from NBNS; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 77]
RFC 1002 March 1987 FOR EACH node in list BEGIN send UDP packet(s) to this node's IP address; END END END ELSE BEGIN send UDP packet(s) to IP address returned by name discovery; END /* procedure */ 5.3.3. RECEPTION OF NetBIOS DATAGRAMS BY ALL NODES The following algorithm discards out of order NetBIOS Datagram fragments. An implementation which reassembles out of order NetBIOS Datagram fragments conforms to this specification. The fragment discard timer is initialized to the value FRAGMENT_TO. This value should be user configurable. The default value is given in Section 6, "Defined Constants and Variables". PROCEDURE datagram_packet(packet) /* * processing initiated by datagram packet reception * on B, P and M nodes */ BEGIN /* * if this node is a P node, ignore * broadcast packets. */ IF this is a P node AND incoming packet is a broadcast packet THEN BEGIN discard packet; END CASE packet type OF DATAGRAM SERVICE: BEGIN IF FIRST bit in FLAGS is set THEN BEGIN IF MORE bit in FLAGS is set THEN BEGIN Save 1st UDP packet of the Datagram; Set this Datagram's fragment discard timer to FRAGMENT_TO; NetBIOS Working Group [Page 78]
RFC 1002 March 1987 return; END ELSE Datagram is composed of a single UDP packet; END ELSE BEGIN /* Have the second fragment of a Datagram */ Search for 1st fragment by source IP address and DGM_ID; IF found 1st fragment THEN Process both UDP packets; ELSE BEGIN discard 2nd fragment UDP packet; return; END END IF DESTINATION_NAME is '*' THEN BEGIN /* NetBIOS broadcast */ deliver USER_DATA from UDP packet(s) to all outstanding receive broadcast datagram requests; return; END ELSE BEGIN /* non-broadcast */ /* Datagram for Unique or Group Name */ IF DESTINATION_NAME is not present in the local name table THEN BEGIN /* destination not present */ build DATAGRAM ERROR packet, clear FIRST and MORE bit, put in this nodes IP and PORT, set ERROR_CODE; send DATAGRAM ERROR packet to source IP address and port of UDP; discard UDP packet(s); return; END ELSE BEGIN /* good */ /* NetBIOS Working Group [Page 79]
RFC 1002 March 1987 * Replicate received NetBIOS datagram for * each recipient */ FOR EACH pending NetBIOS user's receive datagram operation BEGIN IF source name of operation matches destination name of packet THEN BEGIN deliver USER_DATA from UDP packet(s); END END /* for each */ return; END /* good */ END /* non-broadcast */ END /* datagram service */ DATAGRAM ERROR: BEGIN /* * name service returned incorrect information */ inform local name service that incorrect information was provided; IF this is a P or M node THEN BEGIN /* * tell NetBIOS Name Server that it may * have given incorrect information */ send NAME RELEASE REQUEST with name and incorrect IP address to NetBIOS Name Server; END END /* datagram error */ END /* case */ END 5.3.4. PROTOCOLS FOR THE NBDD The key to NetBIOS Datagram forwarding service is the packet delivered to the destination end node must have the same NetBIOS header as if the source end node sent the packet directly to the destination end node. Consequently, the NBDD does not reassemble NetBIOS Datagrams. It forwards the UDP packet as is. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 80]
RFC 1002 March 1987 PROCEDURE datagram_packet(packet) /* * processing initiated by a incoming datagram service * packet on a NBDD node. */ BEGIN CASE packet type OF DATAGRAM SERVICE: BEGIN IF packet was sent as a directed NetBIOS datagram THEN BEGIN /* * provide group forwarding service * * Forward datagram to each member of the * group. Can forward via: * 1) get list of group members and send * the DATAGRAM SERVICE packet unicast * to each * 2) use Group Multicast, if available * 3) combination of 1) and 2) */ ... END ELSE BEGIN /* * provide broadcast forwarding service * * Forward datagram to every node in the * NetBIOS scope. Can forward via: * 1) get list of group members and send * the DATAGRAM SERVICE packet unicast * to each * 2) use Group Multicast, if available * 3) combination of 1) and 2) */ ... END END /* datagram service */ DATAGRAM ERROR: NetBIOS Working Group [Page 81]
RFC 1002 March 1987 BEGIN /* * Should never receive these because Datagrams * forwarded have source end node IP address and * port in NetBIOS header. */ send DELETE NAME REQUEST with incorrect name and IP address to NetBIOS Name Server; END /* datagram error */ DATAGRAM QUERY REQUEST: BEGIN IF can send packet to DESTINATION_NAME THEN BEGIN /* * NBDD is able to relay Datagrams for * this name */ send POSITIVE DATAGRAM QUERY RESPONSE to REQUEST source IP address and UDP port with request's DGM_ID; END ELSE BEGIN /* * NBDD is NOT able to relay Datagrams for * this name */ send NEGATIVE DATAGRAM QUERY RESPONSE to REQUEST source IP address and UDP port with request's DGM_ID; END END /* datagram query request */ END /* case */ END /* procedure */ NetBIOS Working Group [Page 82]
RFC 1002 March 1987 6. DEFINED CONSTANTS AND VARIABLES GENERAL: SCOPE_ID The name of the NetBIOS scope. This is expressed as a character string meeting the requirements of the domain name system and without a leading or trailing "dot". An implementation may elect to make this a single global value for the node or allow it to be specified with each separate NetBIOS name (thus permitting cross-scope references.) BROADCAST_ADDRESS An IP address composed of the nodes's network and subnetwork numbers with all remaining bits set to one. I.e. "Specific subnet" broadcast addressing according to section 2.3 of RFC 950. BCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT 250 milliseconds. An adaptive timer may be used. BCAST_REQ_RETRY_COUNT 3 UCAST_REQ_RETRY_TIMEOUT 5 seconds An adaptive timer may be used. UCAST_REQ_RETRY_COUNT 3 MAX_DATAGRAM_LENGTH 576 bytes (default) NAME SERVICE: REFRESH_TIMER Negotiated with NBNS for each name. CONFLICT_TIMER 1 second Implementations may chose a longer value. NAME_SERVICE_TCP_PORT 137 (decimal) NetBIOS Working Group [Page 83]
RFC 1002 March 1987 NAME_SERVICE_UDP_PORT 137 (decimal) INFINITE_TTL 0 SESSION SERVICE: SSN_SRVC_TCP_PORT 139 (decimal) SSN_RETRY_COUNT 4 (default) Re-configurable by user. SSN_CLOSE_TIMEOUT 30 seconds (default) Re-configurable by user. SSN_KEEP_ALIVE_TIMEOUT 60 seconds, recommended, may be set to a higher value. (Session keep-alives are used only if configured.) DATAGRAM SERVICE: DGM_SRVC_UDP_PORT 138 (decimal) FRAGMENT_TO 2 seconds (default) NetBIOS Working Group [Page 84]
RFC 1002 March 1987 REFERENCES [1] "Protocol Standard For a NetBIOS Service on a TCP/UDP Transport: Concepts and Methods", RFC 1001, March 1987. [2] J. Reynolds, J. Postel, "Assigned Numbers", RFC 990, November 1986. [3] P. Mockapetris, "Domain Names - Implementation and Specification", RFC 883, November 1983. NetBIOS Working Group [Page 85]

   

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